C-o-f-f-e-e! The word is enough to evoke a sensation of freshness and vibrancy, don’t you think? Are you aware of the different variations you can try for your favorite beverage? Have you experimented with different beans, different ratios, different brewing methods, etc?
I know some people who would say that no matter which type of coffee they drink, they should feel happy and alert after drinking it in the morning. Interestingly, the different regions and cultures have a significant impact on how the coffee tastes and smells.
For some people, coffee is not just a beverage but a way of life that they cannot live without. I know others who identify their different moods with coffee. For example, a long black to reflect a melancholy mood and a doppio when they are feeling elated.
Have you ever wondered how many different types of coffee exist and what makes them unique? Let’s put coffee under the magnifying glass and create a list of various options available to tantalize your taste buds and blow away your mind.
Most Popular Types Of Coffee
Espresso (pronounced as ess-PRESS-oh) is a coffee of Italian origin. It is brewed by forcing hot water under pressure through fine coffee grounds and the process is referred to as ‘pulling a shot’. The resulting beverage is thicker than regular coffee and has a higher concentration of dissolved solids.
Not to forget the majestic crema that makes Espresso my top favorite. Crema also adds a rich flavor and tempting aroma to the espresso. An espresso shot may be enjoyed on its own or form a base for several interesting beverages you can find in a coffee shop menu.
Related Article:DOES THE AEROPRESS MAKE REAL ESPRESSO?
#2. Café Latte or Café Au Lait
Also known as café au lait in northern Europe and Scandinavia, Lattes or Caffe Lattes are espresso drinks prepared with a substantial amount of foamed milk. The beverage is milkier than cappuccinos, and the Americans prefer to flavor their lattes.
A typical café latte includes one shot of espresso, 2 shots of foamed milk, and one shot of flavored syrup (optional). Pull a shot of espresso, and add a shot of flavored syrup (if using). Then, pour steamed milk carefully without disturbing the microbubbles on the top. Add some latte art and serve!
The macchiato (pronounced as mock-e-ah-toe) is a single or double espresso topped with heated or foamed milk. Italian in origin, this style of coffee refers to as ‘marked’ or ‘stained. There are basically two main variations of macchiato – latte macchiato and espresso macchiato. Both these types involve staining one element of milk and espresso duo.
The average size of macchiato has a 2 to 1 ratio of highly concentrated espresso to steamed milk. Milk adds sweetness and enhances the flavor of espresso. The traditional form of macchiato includes about one shot of espresso with two teaspoons of milk steamed with slight foam to leave a visible stain or mark.
Have you ever heard the term ‘Doppio’ in a coffeehouse? Does that make you wonder what it means? I’ll tell you exactly what people mean when they order a Doppio (pronounced as DOH-pee-OH). It is an Italian term that refers to a double shot that is extracted with the help of a double coffee filter.
So, what you get is a double shot of espresso, a 60 ml of full-flavored and aromatic drink. Today, a Doppio is the standard size for espresso in several coffeehouses. When you are in a coffee house next time and want order a double espresso, simply ask for a Doppio.
Cappuccino is one of those types of coffee that is shrouded in various misconceptions. Named after the color of the robes worn by Capuchin monks, the Cappuccino is actually a shot of espresso blended with equal parts of steamed and frothed milk, so you get the ratio 1:1:1.
People in the US believe that Cappuccino is a modern drink, but actually, it has been around in Italy for hundreds of years. A well-made cup of Cappuccino has a strong coffee flavor with a dash of sweetness emerging from the naturally occurring lactose found in milk. It may sometimes be flavored with syrup and other additives.
Yes, you are right in guessing that Americano is the name given to American style of coffee and it has an interesting story behind it. When the American soldiers were stationed in Italy during World War II, they were intimidated by the strong full-bodied flavor of coffee consumed by the natives.
As Americans are raised on drip coffee, the taste of concentrated strong coffee is unfamiliar for their tastes. Hence, they started adding water to dilute espresso and the famous watery black drink was born and it was named an Americano.
To make an Americano, you need two cups. Pull a shot of espresso in one cup, put some hot water in the other cup and pour espresso into the water to get a dilute drink. You can see a light brown creamy substance on the top that retains the rich flavor of coffee oils.
#7. Long Black
The long black gets a bad reputation but is definitely one of the most balanced coffees you can enjoy. It comprises espresso and hot water. To make a long black, you will need to pour hot water into the teacup. The amount of water you add to the beverages should depend upon your preferred strength.
If your coffee machine does not have a tea spout, use a kettle to pour hot water and let it cool for 30 seconds before you add a double shot of espresso. Serve it immediately to maintain the crema. When made well, the long black is a properly balanced drink, not as concentrated as an espresso.
Interestingly, both Americano and Long Black are prepared by mixing espresso and hot water but the resulting brew looks and tastes different. You may ask – How’s that possible? Well, this is due to the method in which they are mixed together.
Long Black is made by adding espresso shot to hot water so it retains the crema on the top. An Americano on the other hand is prepared by adding hot water over a shot of espresso to get a diluted brew. In my opinion, the Long Black retains the flavor of espresso better and tastes richer.
#8. Caffe Mocha
Caffè Mocha is American in origin and a variant of caffe latte that is inspired by a Turin coffee beverage known as Bicerin. In Italy and France, it is known as the mocha latte. It basically comprises of one-third espresso, two-thirds steamed milk and a portion of chocolate in the form of powder or syrup.
Just like cappuccino, cafe mochas also comprise milk froth on the top. They are often served with whipped cream, topped with a dusting of cocoa and cinnamon powder. In some coffee houses, baristas may add marshmallows on the top to enhance the flavor. Another variant is the white mocha made from white chocolate.
Some people believe this is not traditional coffee, but given the fact that you can make this refreshing drink from cocoa makes it every bit an ice-cold coffee. To make a frappe (pronounced as frap-pay), you need to shake, blend, and then beat the beverage to make a foamy and tasty drink. It is usually served cold and often topped with cream.
You may add ice cubes to the beverage before or after beating the coffee in a frappe maker, blender, or shaker. After that, include additives such as milk, vanilla, sugar, and sweet sauce based on your personal preference. The ice- crushing blender works better than a shaker to mix or blend a frappe.
#10. Flat White
The flat white coffee is also an espresso-based drink with an extra amount of steamed milk, hence the name. It is an option much loved and preferred by people seeking a dairy-based beverage with a strong flavor of coffee. It contains a small portion of steamed milk, topped with a layer of microfoam.
If you are looking for coffee that gives you the intense flavor of espresso but with a rich and creamy feel of steamed milk, the flat white is the answer. How is it different from a latte and cappuccino? A flat white is served in a 160ml cup while a latte is served in about 240ml cup.
While the cappuccinos may be served in a similar size cup, the key difference lies in their composition. A cappuccino uses dryer foam that has bigger bubbles that sit on top of the coffee. The flat white comprises of one or two shots of espresso topped with a velvety foam on the top.
Related Article:FLAT WHITE VS LATTE WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE?
#11. Black Coffee
People often ask me – how is black coffee different from normal coffee and I say black coffee is actually the normal coffee! When you start including additives like milk, sugar, and other crazy things, the coffee becomes complicated.
The black coffee is the pure, original form where the recipe does not include any amount of milk or cream. I believe this is the purest form of coffee you can enjoy by adding hot water to freshly ground coffee beans. To get that rich taste and aroma, add two big spoons of coffee grounds in a cup of hot boiling water.
#12. Drip Coffee
Drip coffee, also known as the filter coffee (click to see how to make filter coffee) is one of the oldest methods of brewing coffee from the era when electrical appliances where only for the rich and affluent masses. The method involves pouring not-so-scalding water into a filter containing freshly ground coffee.
Today, there are two ways to brew drip coffee – with a filter cone (pour-over method) and a drip coffee machine. There’s a lot of hype surrounding the pour-over method and the hype is for real as it is one of the easiest ways to make a perfect cup of coffee without any mess.
When making drip coffee, you need to pay attention to the grind size to ensure that you do not under or over extract your coffee. If the grind is too fine, the steeping time will be longer resulting in bitter coffee and if the grind is too coarse, the water will pass quickly resulting in under extraction.
Turkish coffee is derived from Arabica beans and it is composed of extremely fine grind. This type of coffee has become popular around the world for its intense flavor, strong taste, and special method of preparation.
Traditionally, Turkish coffee is made in a cezve, which is a small copper pot with long handle. To make one cup of coffee, you need to combine one cup of water with two teaspoons of instant coffee. If you want your coffee to taste sweet, add one or two sugar cubes based on your preference. Boil the mixture until the foam rises and take off the heat before it is about to spill.
An interesting Turkish ritual is to serve coffee with a glass of water to allow you to clean your palate before you enjoy coffee. Furthermore, a Turkish coffee without the foam is considered unacceptable.
You may not have been to the Emerald of Isles, but if you are a coffee lover then you have probably heard about Irish coffee. In simple words, Irish coffee includes black coffee topped with sugar, whipped cream, and Irish whiskey. Sounds too good, doesn’t it?
This beverage starts with black coffee and then you need to add sugar ranging from 1 to 2 tablespoons depending on your requirement. If you don’t like sugar in your coffee, you may leave it out. Add some booze, which is typically Irish whiskey in this case. Top it off with some whipped cream to get that perfect creamy and rich taste.
#15 Café Creme
This type of coffee drink is extremely popular in France and it has earned appreciation from those who have been able to enjoy it outside France. It is harder to find café crème in the US because it is difficult to make them here.
This beverage comprises slightly more than one shot of espresso blended with a small portion of hot heavy cream. Although the brewing method sounds easy, the difficulty in recreating the taste boils down to the type of milk used.
French milk is unpasteurized in nature so you get a creamier and sweeter flavor. When the milk is pasteurized, it gets a cooked flavor that alters the delicate taste that makes café crème so unique.
Now, let’s take a look at some whacky types of coffee.
#16. Vienna Mocha
Is it coffee or an ice-cream? Keep guessing as you relish on the mouthwatering taste of Vienna Mocha, one of the most non-traditional types of coffee with whipped cream on the top. This is a fun twist to your regular espresso shot.
To make Vienna Mocha, you need to take one shot (60 ml) of espresso in a 150 ml cup and add whipped cream to add a rich flavor to the beverage. If you are both a coffee and ice-cream fan like me, you are sure to love this deadly combo.
Mazagran (also known as café mazagran) is a sweetened coffee drink that has its origins in Algeria. The beverage is made with strong coffee poured over ice and the drink is typically served in a narrow glass. It is often referred to as coffee prepared with water instead of milk. It is served in a tall glass with a separate container of water to mix with coffee.
The Portuguese versions of Mazagran are made of espresso, lemon, rum, and mint; while the Austrian versions are served with ice cubes. In some cases, a previously sweetened espresso may be used to quicken the brewing process. Mazagran is often known as the original iced coffee.
Italian coffee is delicious and when you add whipped cream, hot chocolate, and a dash of citrus, it becomes Borgia. It is a slight deviation from Mocha and orange zest is used instead of chocolate shavings to top the cream.
To prepare Borgia, you need one cup of strong coffee, then add a cup of hot chocolate to it. Top it up with whipped cream and garnish with grated orange peel for a citrus flavor. So, you have four different layers of flavors to burst into your mouth.
#19. Dirty chai latte
Don’t let the name fool you because dirty chai latte is far from being dirty! This type of coffee is infused with delicious tea, making it one of the best beverages you ever taste. The ideal serving includes 30 ml of espresso, 60 ml of spiced black tea (masala chai), and 90 ml of steamed milk topped with milk foam.
The beverage stands at the midpoint between a standard latte and chai latte. It can either be served hot or cold. The cold version usually comes in the form of blended latte or iced latte. Mot coffee shops will serve you a dirty chai latte even if it is not mentioned in the menu. You just need to ask for it.
#20 Piccolo Latte
To understand Piccolo latte, you need to know what is a ristretto shot. A ristretto is espresso in an intense form. It uses the same brewing process but with half quantity of water, resulting in a darker and stronger version of coffee.
Now, coming back to a Piccolo latte, it is a ristretto shot (about 20 ml), topped with warm and creamy milk in a 100 ml glass. This type of coffee is extremely popular in Australia and Spain. Due to the popularity of this drink, several new innovations have been developed by the cup suppliers. For example, Keep Cup offers a range of reusable plastic cups with lids to enjoy your coffee on the move.
Coffee or ice cream? You decide! But, one thing is for sure that this fatal combination will make you a fan of this incredible style of coffee. Affogato is an Italian term that means ‘drowned’ and it takes its name from the way this type of coffee is made.
To make Affogato, you will need a scoop of vanilla ice cream drowned in a hot shot of espresso. Interestingly, the cafes in Italy recognize Affogato as a dessert, while outside Italy it is mainly categorized as a beverage. It may have different flavors of ice cream, such as honeycomb, berries, and coconut instead of vanilla.
#22 The Eyes
The Eyes refer to four different types of coffees for the power drinkers – the Redeye, Lazy eye, Black eye, and Deadeye. It includes straight-up coffee (Espresso) added with some more coffee, which may be filter or drip style. In the drip method, hot water is poured over freshly ground coffee beans through a filter.
Yet another Italian style of coffee that comprises of a shot of espresso mixed with liquor, which may be grappa, sambucca, or brandy. Outside Italy, this beverage is known as espresso corretto and it is ordered as ‘corretto alla sambuca’, ‘caffè corretto alla grappa’, or ‘corretto al cognac’, depending upon the type of liquor used.
A similar type of coffee is known as carajillo in Spain, kaffekask in Sweden, and karsk in Norway. The espresso's natural bittersweet flavor perfectly complements the warming alcohol and works for perking up and toning down your spirits.
#24. South Indian Filter Coffee
Do you want to drink coffee as the south Indians do? This type of coffee has a strong milky decoction and it is made using a stainless steel coffee filter. The coffee is usually served in a traditional tumbler or dabarah. In a country that thrives on instant coffee, the filter style is a welcome change.
The Indian coffee filter comprises two cups and one sits over the other. The upper top cup has holes and it holds the coffee grounds. When water is poured through it, the strong decoction is collected in the bottom vessel.
When the coffee is brewed, it is poured back and forth between the tumbler and dabarah to cool it and mix the additives (sugar and hot milk). This also helps in aerating the beverage and creates a nice foam on the top.
After India, let’s talk about this incredible and popular style of coffee from Hong Kong. It is an energizing beverage, which gives you an irresistible combination of freshly brewed coffee and milk tea. Yuanyang goes by different types of names such as Yinyong, Yuenyeung, Yin Yang, or Yingyong. This is sweet and creamy milk (coffee) mixed with Hong Kong Milk Tea.
For business purpose, I always visit Tsui Wah Restaurant in Hong Kong and their Yuanuang milk tea is the best. If you ever travel to Hong Kong, you will discover that each Yuanyang maker has his own secret recipe that captures the unique essence of this amazing beverage. To make Yuanyang, you simply need to mix one cup of Bolivian drip coffee (extra strong) with Hong Kong Milk Tea in the ratio of 1:1.
Whether you choose to stick to your favorite black coffee or wish to experiment with different flavors around the world, one thing is for sure that your love for coffee will always be steadfast! With these 25 different types of traditional and non-traditional types of coffee, I believe that I have pretty much sorted your mornings, afternoons, and evenings. Keep experimenting with different recipes for the love of coffee and let your taste buds take a blissful ride!